These are several reasons why we have chosen to focus on AIDS orphans.
In the 1980s, HIV –Aids was first tested in southern districts of Rakai masaka and Many others it spread so rapidly because of some ignorance of; · Polygamy ,Un protected sex , prositution As a result, estimates of as high as more than 10% of Ugandans had contracted the HIV virus. Estimates that up to 1.3million people are infected in Uganda
Many parents have already died of AIDS but those who remain and are suffering from the disease or widowed by it, live in such dire poverty that they can no longer afford to feed, clothe or educate their children. With so much death and so little reason to hope, many villagers worry about ensuring a future for their children, rather than themselves. They often face the heartbreaking dilemma of spending what little money they have on medication for themselves or education for their children.
Children orphaned by AIDS
AIDS has created an explosion of orphans. Most of these orphans do not have HIV themselves, as their parents contracted the disease after they were born. However, these children don’t even have an opportunity to pursue an education. Many have dropped out of school because their remaining family members, if any, can no longer afford the fees.
The Government has become increasingly aware of the AIDS orphans issue, and is trying to establish assistance programs for them. However, given the large number of these orphans and their rapidly declining conditions, the efforts may not reach as many children as quickly as it should. In addition, there are gaps in their programs. For one, the definition of an orphan in Uganda is a child who has lost both parents. This system does not account for the children who have either lost one parent, or have one or both parents currently dying of AIDS. The government also does not sponsor orphans education for seniors in higher schools or above accept on merit based from Junior schools, nor is it as adept as NGOs at psycho-social care and vocational training.
These children are mostly HIV negative and will continue to be a part of society for many years to come. Helping these children now and making them a social investment rather than a social welfare problem can help to prevent the large-scale social tragedy of a generation of illiterate and destitute children.